An Island in This World
Prayer, as said above, is an event that comes to pass between the soul of man and the word. It is from this point of view, that we have to distinguish between two main types of prayer: prayer as an act of expression and prayer as an act of empathy … In the Book of Psalms some chapters begin with the words, To David, a Psalm, while others begin, A Psalm to David. The Talmud explains: when David began to sing and then the inspiration came to him it was To David a Psalm; when first the inspiration came to him and then he sang, it was A Psalm to David … in the prayer of expression we often arrive at thoughts that lie beyond our power of expression. In the prayer of empathy we often arrive at words that lie beyond our power of empathy. It is in such tensions that our worship gains in strength and our knowledge in intuitive depth. Genuine prayer is an event in which man surpasses himself.
Quest for God: Studies in Prayer and Symbolism